This Program was in effect from 2011- 2015. The IFAS was meant to finance programmes to save the sea and improve on environmental issues associated with the basin's drying. All of the water comes from the high mountains in the south where annual precipitationcan be over 1,000 mm (39 in). [14], Most of the area was inhabited by desert nomads who left few written records. Other salt-tolerant fish species were intentionally or inadvertently introduced during the 1960s when hydropower and irrigation projects reduced the flow of fresh water thereby increasing salinity. Many different solutions to the problems have been suggested over the years, varying in feasibility and cost, including: [95], The Aral Sea in 1989 (left) and 2014 (right), Impact on environment, economy, and public health. Geographer Nick Middleton believes it did not begin to flow into the Aral Sea until that time. One Sunday afternoon in Kazakhstan last August, three dozen fishermen met near the south end of the North Aral Sea for a celebration. These failures have led to the introduction of a new plan, funded by a number of institutions, including the five countries involved and the World Bank. By 1998, the Aral Sea had shrunk to just over 28,000 km2 making it only the eighth largest lake in the world, and the salinity had increased to 45 g/L. Since you are already here then chances are that you are looking for the Daily Themed Crossword Solutions. The poorly built Dike Kokaral intended to contain the North Aral Sea and save its fisheries failed twice, but in 2005, the government of Kazakhstan was able to fund a more robust design. The water flowing into the Aral Sea has long been considered an important commodity, and trade agreements have been made to supply the downstream communities with water in the spring and summer months for irrigation. [45], The Aral Sea fishing industry, which in its heyday employed some 40,000 and reportedly produced one-sixth of the Soviet Union's entire fish catch, has been devastated. [7] The eastern basin is now called the Aralkum Desert. As demand for cotton increased the government applied more pesticides and fertilizer to the monoculture and depleted soil. The tugai or riparian gallery forests that followed the rivers to the Aral Sea near Samarkand held many species such as Tamarix ramosissima, poplars and sea buckthorn communities, containing unique pheasants, white-headed owl, boar, bald badger and porcupine. Now barely 10% of it is left. [50], Also destroyed is the muskrat-trapping industry in the deltas of the Amu Darya and Syr Darya, which used to yield as many as 500,000 pelts a year. … The North Aral Sea (sometimes called the Small Aral Sea) had separated from the South (Large) Aral Sea. Look no further because you will find whatever you are looking for in here. Improvements to existing channels of the Syr Darya river, which snakes northwards from Kazakhstan’s Tian Shan Mountains, also helped to boost the flow of water into the North Aral Sea. It is a series of recordings of landscapes, of rivers, of weather and animals and people, all made between 2013 and 2018 in remote areas of Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. Some estimates suggest that the lake is just 10 percent of its original size. The scheme was drawn up by the World Bank, government representatives, and various technical experts, without consulting those who would be affected. [40] Furthermore, due to absorption by plants and livestock, toxins (many of which cannot be, without lasting damage, broken down then excreted by the liver/kidney system) have entered the food chain. And the first steamer arrived in the Aral Sea three years later. Contemporary research on the state of the environment and the medicinal use of plants. The area is now shared by Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. 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